STRAIGHT BASS HORN
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This page describes the contruction of a pair of bass horns.
-30Hz-300Hz straight horn
-1.3m overhang in the listening room.
-700mm hole in the wall.
-Large mouth to get a large energy, and possibility to place the midrange horn on the same axis.
-Mouth of the horn made of wood to avoid placing the midrange horn in a concrete environnement.
-The 2 horns must be touching each other to be coupled in the low frequencies.
-The horns must not touch the side walls because of the stairs and the windows and other constraints
-It must be possible to extend the mouth size.
38Hz exponential curve has been chosen.
Each horn is 3m long + 0.7m for the 250 liter sealed box and has a 1.8m*1.85m mouth plus the beams.
The throat is a 220mm square, so a 200mm, 250mm, 300mm, 380mm or 460mm driver can be used.
Each horn starts in the room on the other side of the wall, crosses the stone wall and then extends
over 1.3m in the listening room.
The final driver:
I chose a Voxativ full range driver to cover the full audio range.
Measurement using 2 Altec 515-8G, 300B amplifier, no crossover, no EQ:
Measurement using 2 Altec 515-8G, 300B amplifier, 121Hz first ordre low pass filter:
Measurement using 2 Altec 515-8G, 300B amplifier, 121Hz first ordre low pass filter + 280Hz second order filter:
bandwidth: 22Hz - 280Hz
The wood horn is covered with concrete:
For each plank the cut angle is equal to:
For a rectangular horn made of curved plank or parquet planks,
if x is the length on the horn axis and if the horizontal and vertical progress functions are known
then the corresponding length on the plank before it is curved is:
So to draw the horizontal progress on the straight plank the relation is: